Since Congress is unlikely to repeal healthcare reform in the face of Pakchung D, Smith M, Hughes C. The role of clinical guidelines in establishing competent professional practice. We strive to provide our clients with quick and accurate responses. Telemedicine is still a medical act. Given our specialisation, we rarely receive a query that one of the team members has not considered before. Every patient nowadays, unfortunately, has become a potential litigant due to the increased awareness among the public due to the absolutely free Internet. This is why all healthcare offices and professionals carry some type of malpractice insurance. South Melbourne, Vic: RACGP, 2011. These issues are not incidental to a safe and successful phlebotomy career; rather, they are absolutely integral. Overview; Fees and how to book ; Contact details; This two-day meeting aims to bring together professionals from healthcare, risk management and legal backgrounds with an interest in patient safety in women’s healthcare. Medicolegal cases (MLC) are an integral part of medical practice that is frequently encountered by Medical Officers (M O). Cartwright C, White B, Willmott L, Parker M, Williams G. Australian doctors’ knowledge of and compliance with the law relating to end-of-life decisions: Implications for LGBTI patients. This is why all healthcare offices and professionals carry some type of malpractice insurance. A well-publicized malpractice case can ruin the doctor's career and practice. 3 Challenges. Female genital mutilation or cutting: an updated medico‐legal analysis. Australia’s ranking is less favourable in specific rule of law areas such as discrimination in criminal law, and accessibility and affordability of civil justice.9 This is noteworthy because the rule of law has been directly correlated with infant and maternal mortality rates, and cardiovascular and diabetes-related mortality.10 Further research is needed to confirm and explore this correlation, and to add to the compelling body of evidence of the pervasive relationships between psychosocial and structural factors, disease and healthcare.11 It may be that a country’s legal framework creates a context that affects health and the social environment. Medico legal cases: Top facts you should know In a country where 130,000 deaths occur annually due to road traffic accidents and 53% women suffer … Available at www.lawfoundation.net.au/ljf/site/templates/LAW_AUS/$file/LAW_Survey_Australia.pdf [Accessed 14 January 2019]. Title:Medico-Legal Issues with CTG Interpretation VOLUME: 9 ISSUE: 3 Author(s):Vikram Sinai Talaulikar and Sabaratnam Arulkumaran Affiliation:Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, St. George’s Hospital and University of London, Tooting - London, SW17 0RE, UK. Medico-Legal Journal is dedicated to promoting Medico-Legal knowledge in all its aspects. Ben Mathews and Elizabeth Dallaston. MEDICOLEGAL ISSUES : GUIDELINES TO MEDICAL OFFICERS Introduction 1. Risk Management and Medico–Legal Issues in Women’s Health Care. Aust J Gen Pract 2019;48(1–2):22–24. The January–February issue of this journal has traditionally focused on organisational and professional aspects of general practice. function gtag(){dataLayer.push(arguments);} Slater & Gordon Lawyers’ National Practice Group Leader – Medical Law and Accredited Specialist – Personal Injury Law, Bill Madden spoke to us about some of the past structural changes and their impact on medical and health law. These minimum health and safety standards are the foundation for improving quality and protecting the health and safety of beneficiaries as well as providing minimum standards that providers and suppliers must meet in order to be Medicare and Medicaid certified. It is not just about taking consent, but it is about inappropriate and incomplete consent. Antitrust issues and ACOs. The traditional medico-legal issues not unique to the telemedicine; Issues unique to telemedicine. fNEGLIGENCE In other words negligence is conduct that falls below the standard of care which is established by the law for the protection of others against unreasonable risk or harm It is characterized chiefly by inadvertence, thoughtlessness or inattention Sydney: Health Justice Australia, 2018. Shields not swords. Whilst NSW Health makes every effort to ensure the accuracy of the information presented, it does not purport to be a comprehensive list of applicable legislation and policies, or to render legal advice. Medico legal issue is basically a generic term. Facebook ; Twitter; Experts say it's not surprising surgical issues feature prominently, given the nature of ophthalmologists’ work. Medico-Legal Journal is dedicated to promoting Medico-Legal knowledge in all its aspects. Doctors also need to consider the concept of the rule of law. Standards for health services in Australian immigration detention centres. Nevertheless, it is important for doctors to have a working knowledge of medical law. Some clinicians may have received requests for guidance on other aspects of law. Corresponding Author. Skip to main content ... 2003 The Right to Health and the Nevirapine Case in South Africa Annas G.J. Dr Sara Bird, Manager, Medico-legal and Advisory Services, MDA National Dr Bird told newsGP the preparation and provision of medico-legal reports by the treating doctor is an inevitable but sometimes unwelcome part of general practice. thought-provoking medico legal issues, reviewing recent cases and discussing the future of healthcare and hospitals - from GPs to surgery in a post-COVID world. Med J Aust 2014;201(4):229–32. What makes trauma care (the emergency department) different? The issues discussed here are only the tip of the iceberg. doi: 10.1080/13691058.2017.1385854. It carries different dimensions in different aspects. Surgical issues top list of ophthalmology medico-legal complaints. This website is designed for palliative care patients and their family and carers and for health professionals providing care for people with a terminal illness. Megan Prictor, Carolyn Johnston and Amelia Hyatt. A snapshot of medico-legal matters against ophthalmologists insured by an Australian medical defence organisation has found … Dr Sanjay Pathare, Director- Medical Services and Business Development, Ruby hall elaborates on Medico legal issues. The service is staffed by 70 claims managers, solicitors and doctors in our Adelaide, Brisbane, Melbourne, Perth and Sydney offices. Healthcare professionals must be aware of the relevant laws for their occupation. Our staff have many years of industry experience, enabling us to provide the highest quality medico-legal reports. The Royal Australian College of General Practitioners. Sydney: Law and Justice Foundation of New South Wales, 2012. Understanding the overlap of legal and health inequalities may provide scope for innovative solutions, and highlights the need to place service users at the centre of any reform.12 Rather than expecting individual patients or doctors to navigate complex structures, evidence-based policies and user-centred service models may improve health and justice outcomes. The Law but which ones? doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2014-007004. CMS recognizes hospitals accredited by The Joint Commission as meeting all requirements for Medicare participation. Our doctors and psychologists have an in-depth understanding of all medico-legal issues relating to the workplace, including physical injury, trauma and … South Melbourne, Vic: RACGP, 2007. So, the best way to handle medico-legal issues is by preventing them. Prevention is better than the cure: Getting privacy compliance right is essential practice management. Overview; Fees and how to book ; Contact details; This two-day meeting aims to bring together professionals from healthcare, risk management and legal backgrounds with an interest in patient safety in women’s healthcare. [Clinical practice guidelines: juridical and medico legal issues in health care malpractice liability] Assist Inferm Ric. Patient safety may be compromised, resulting in injury and lawsuits. MPS experience highlights that issues around getting the diagnosis right are the most common reason for settling claims on behalf of radiologists, and in particular, delays in diagnosing cancers. Introduction: Nurses face many legal and ethical issues while providing patient care and it is essential to understand the law and the way it affects the nursing practice. Copyright © 2016-2019. window.dataLayer = window.dataLayer || []; Do NOT follow this link or you will be banned from the site. Journal of A well-publicized malpractice case can ruin the doctor's career and practice. Working with young people involves additional considerations because of their legal status and their stage of development. Everyone makes mistakes. Simply put, it is a medical case with legal implications or a legal case requiring medical expertise Medico-Legal Case 23 24. [Article in Italian] Authors Carlo Moreschi, Ugo Da Broi. The cordial patient-doctor relationship has undergone drastic changes due to the corporatization of medical profession. The cordial patient-doctor relationship has undergone drastic changes due to the corporatization of medical profession. Dr Sanjay Pathare, Director- Medical Services and Business Development, Ruby hall elaborates on Medico legal issues. So, the best way to handle medico-legal issues is by preventing them. Pinzon-Rondon AM, Attaran A, Botero JC, Ruiz-Sternberg AM. KEYNOTE SPEAKERS and many more... As an official Supporting Partner, Medico Legal Society of NSW members are entitled to a 15% discount at the time of registration. General Practice: Health of the Nation 2018. Your body language matters a lot, and how you speak with the public. And most of the clinicians are very casual about taking the consent. Such evidence also raises the question of whether there are limits to health improvements achievable through medical care alone. Associate Professor Anthony Smith, Centre for Online Health discussed his experience in establishing and managing paediatric and adult telehealth services in Queensland. The best way to handle medico‑legal issues is by adhering to the prescribed laws and provisions; this article provides the measures all doctors and hospitals can execute to prevent any legal issues. Coumarelos C, Macourt D, People J, et al. 3.5 MEDICO-LEGAL ISSUES MELISSA KANG AND JANE SANDERS Legal and ethical frameworks are fundamental to the professional conduct and practice of health care. The Royal Australian College of General Practitioners.  In simple language it is a medical case with legal implications for the attending doctor where the attending doctor, after eliciting history and examining the patient, thinks … When this happens, liability exists which can result in a lawsuit being filed against the healthcare professional. Challenges of trauma care and trauma units. How quickly must you make a … 28 Sep 2020. Limited resources force tough choices in quality of care. Medico legal issues and emergency department Following categories of cases coming to casualty or brought to casualty are to be labeled as medico legal: 1. Here are 13 legal issues affecting hospitals and health systems in 2011. It carries different dimensions in different aspects. Cases of injuries and burns, circumstances of which make it probable that someone has committed an offence 2. Start: 14/06/2021 08:30 End: 15/06/2021 17:00 Location: RCOG. This journal is a member of the Myles Hume November 11, 2020, 6:06 am November 11, 2020 54. Browne P, Haysom G. Supportive networks, healthier doctors and ‘just culture’: Managing the effects of medico-legal complaints on doctors. Stanford Social Innovation Review. Structured questionnaire was used for collecting information from the respondents. Brell R. Informal online opinions: Medico-legal considerations in new and social media. Federal antitrust laws will likely have to be reinterpreted to make way for … Australian Our medico-legal experts are available 24 hours a day, 365 days of the year - after hours and on weekends in emergencies. Also how to handle the mob, how to handle the public when it comes to breaking the bad news, when it comes to the professional communication. East Melbourne, Vic: RACGP, 2018. Two early examples from the RACGP are the benchmarking standards of healthcare in prisons and in immigration detention settings.13,14 Another evolving area seeks to embed legal help within healthcare teams.15. Medico-legal advice forms a large part of Health Legal’s work. Visitors should also be aware of the general disclaimer applicable to this site. It provides an official record of the proceedings of the Medico-Legal Society. Samples were selected by using simple random sampling technique. A 2012 landmark survey reported that one in five Australians experience three or more legal problems in a year, related to family breakdown, accidents, crime and debt.8 In the study, 30% of respondents sought help from a lawyer, and 18.9% sought legal advice from a doctor. Risk Management and Medico–Legal Issues in Women’s Health Care. MEDICO LEGAL CASE (MLC) :  can be defined as a case of injury or ailment, etc., in which investigations by the law-enforcing agencies are essential to fix the responsibility regarding the causation of the said injury or ailment. Scenarios. White B, Willmott L, Cartwright C, Parker MH, Williams G. Doctors’ knowledge of the law on withholding and withdrawing life-sustaining medical treatment. Clarke M, Healy J. Along with heart disease and cancer, it is a leading cause of death. Health Legal is a boutique, award-winning law firm that focuses solely and uniquely on the needs of the Australian health, community service and aged care sectors. Braveman P, Gottlieb L. The social determinants of health: It's time to consider the causes of the causes. The Royal Australian College of General Practitioners. This unfamiliar territory will bring to the surface medico-legal risks in a context that Australian doctors have never before experienced. Med J Aust 2020; 214 (3): n/a-n/a . Given our specialisation, we rarely receive a query that one of the team members has not considered before. Consultant Obstetrician and Obstetric Lead for Risk Management. Overt and covert recordings of health care consultations in Australia: some legal considerations . gtag('js', new Date()); gtag('config', 'UA-132187420-1'); Public Private Partnership for developing sustainable healthcare ecosystem, ASHOKA UNIVERSITY AND THOUGHTWORKS TO BUILD SIMULATION MODEL TO TRACK COVID-19 SPREAD. The journal seeks to further the society’s aim to expand knowledge of medico-legal matters by commissioning articles on topics from across this diverse field. Abstract Introduction: where there is no law there is no sin and ignorant of the law is not an excuse in the law suit. A leading medical ethicist lists his top 5 ethical issues in medicine today and in the near future. Everybody has become the Google doctor, every prescription follows the Google search, every admission follows the Google search, every discharge follows the Google search because people want to verify and cross verify, whether their doctor has done  right thing for him or her. Medicolegal Issues. Part 1.7 Medico-legal and ethical issues. In the modern world, it is impossible to be an ethical member of a medical team without awareness of the often complicated legal issues that surround the field. Browse Legal Issues in Medicine articles from the New England Journal of Medicine. Public Health Rep 2014;129 Suppl 2:19–31. The congress features wonderfully credentialed speakers addressing complex and thought-provoking medico legal issues, reviewing recent cases and discussing the future of healthcare and hospitals – from GPs to surgery in a post COVID world. A medico-legal case is a case of injury/illness where some investigation by law enforcement agencies is essential to establish and fix responsibility for the case in accordance with the law of the land. The legal issue that healthcare professionals have to concern themselves with most is malpractice. It includes doctors, hospital administrators – both public and private, government officials involved with health and related issues, legal professionals handling medico-legal matters, NGOs working in this area, charitable trusts operating hospitals, legislative members and government officials responsible for policy formulation and execution, pharmaceutical companies, hospital staff, etc. People with a chronic illness or disability were more likely to experience legal problems. The aim of these guidelines is to improve professional health services for all victims of sexual violence by providing: Celia Burrell MPhil, MRCOG, MRCP, Post Grad Diploma in Medical Law . It provides an official record of the proceedings of the Medico-Legal Society. Available at www.healthjustice.org.au/wp-content/uploads/2018/08/Health-Justice-Australia-Mapping-a-new-path.pdf [Accessed 14 January 2019]. This unfamiliar territory will bring to the surface medico-legal risks in a context that Australian doctors have never before experienced. THE coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has required an extraordinary approach to health care provision. Palliative care helps maintain quality of life until death. Ethical issues are wide-ranging, from organ donation, genetic engineering, assisted suicide, withholding treatment in end-of-life care, or simple procedures requiring consent. Studies in the USA have found that medicolegal issues relate mainly to iatrogenic harm, i.e. Available at https://ssir.org/articles/entry/complex_systems_change_starts_with_those_who_use_the_systems [Accessed 14 January 2019]. Because this is also one major observation nowadays that doctor speaks very less with the public leading to the violence. ajgp@racgp.org.au. Aust J Gen Pract 2019;48(1–2):9–12. We regularly answer queries from a broad range of health service staff on an even broader range of medico-legal issues. Every patient nowadays, unfortunately, has become a potential litigant due to the increased awareness among the public due to the absolutely free Internet. fNEGLIGENCE Negligence is the failure/ omission of an individual to do something which a reasonably prudent person would do, or doing something which a prudent & reasonable man would not do. The ages are guided by both societal norms and laws in order to exercise a kind of check and balances on human behaviours towards Mackenzie G(1), Carter H. Author information: (1)Faculty of Law, Bond University, Gold Coast, Queensland, Austalia. Aust J Gen Pract 2019;48(1–2):17–21. The best way to handle medico‑legal issues is by preventing them, and this article tries to enumerate the preventive measures in safeguarding the doctor against negligence suit. Medico-legal advice forms a large part of Health Legal’s work. Efforts to lasso health care costs puts increasing pressure on staff to do more with less. So doctors need to be very vigilant. We regularly answer queries from a broad range of health service staff on an even broader range of medico-legal issues. What do you know about your patient? Johnston A. The legal issue that healthcare professionals have to concern themselves with most is malpractice. Medico-legal issues Professionalism is an integral part of a doctor's role 30 June 2009 Dr Gerard Panting discusses the six domains within professionalism, and emphasises the importance of setting and maintaining boundaries with patients The topics in this month’s theme, medico-legal concerns, lie closer to medical law (the rights and responsibilities of doctors and patients in law) than to legal medicine (applying medical knowledge to legal problems). Medico legal issue is basically a generic term. Surrogate pregnancy: ethical and medico‐legal issues in modern obstetrics. The department said the increase in medico-legal claims was a global phenomenon that remained a serious concern, as it put severe pressure on its … Start: 14/06/2021 08:30 End: 15/06/2021 17:00 Location: RCOG. 5 Oct 2020. Avant’s Medico-legal Advisory Service (MLAS) provides expert advice to help minimise the chance of a complaint or claim occurring. direct procedure-related complications, delay in diagnosis (especially gastric or colonic malignancy), but also delayed diagnosis of other pathology (e.g. This shows the importance of ensuring that if there is still reasonable doubt over whether cancer is present following an image study, further investigation/ assessment is warranted. Medical errors No one knows exactly how many people are killed each year by medical errors, but it is in the hundreds of thousands in the United States and tens of thousands in the United Kingdom. When people are vulnerable to intersecting health and legal problems, they may be more likely to seek help from services they know, access and trust. How many patients need to be seen? Chapter 25 Informed consent in the ICU; Chapter 26 Patient rights in the ICU; Chapter 27 Medico-legal liability in critical care; Part 1.8 Critical illness risk prediction. THE coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has required an extraordinary approach to health care provision. Med J Aust 2020; 213 (7): 309-311.e1 . For financial and other property matters, the key legal planning tools are a financial power of attorney, a will, … The Royal Australian College of General Practitioners. Whilst NSW Health makes every effort to ensure the accuracy of the information presented, it does not purport to be a comprehensive list of applicable legislation and policies, or to render legal advice. Keywords:CTG, fetal, hypoxia, intrapartum, medico-legal, monitoring, surveillance. The articles in this collection are novel, provocative, and reveal the depth of analysis possible when entertaining limited and appropriate regulation of sex. Washington, DC: WJP, 2018. They always cross verify it with the virtual world, maybe with the Google, and most of the times it is not right. Complex systems change starts with those who use the systems. The Medico-Legal Section has more than 400 members and is serviced by the Section Committee. 1. Standards for health services in Australian prisons. We are looking forward to his discussion on “The Medico-Legal Future” at the 25th Medico Legal Congress 2016. Given most Australians visit a general practitioner (GP) annually, and have a preferred GP,16 general practice is well placed to help design, deliver and evaluate collaborative partnerships with the legal profession. Standards for general practices. ethical, efficient and effective healthcare to CHSS beneficiaries. Oct-Dec 2014;33(4):208-13. doi: 10.1702/1702.18560. Everyone makes mistakes. It carries different dimensions in different aspects. Forell S. Mapping a new path: The health justice landscape in Australia, 2017. Health Legal is a boutique, award-winning law firm that focuses solely and uniquely on the needs of the Australian health, community service and aged care sectors. We are looking forward to his discussion on “The Medico-Legal Future” at the 25th Medico Legal Congress 2016. Every patient nowadays, unfortunately, has become a potential litigant due to the increased awareness among the public due to the absolutely free Internet. Simply put, it is a medical case with legal implications or a legal case requiring medical expertise Medico-Legal Case 23 24. 14 September 2018. However, when a doctor, healthcare professional, hospital or other organization devoted to patient care makes a mistake, it potentially impacts the health, safety or finances of a patient. Health care professionals continually face ethical and legal issues in the workplace, putting them at risk for burnout. The occurrence of MLCs is on the increase, both in the Civil as well as in the Armed Forces. The journal seeks to further the society’s aim to expand knowledge of medico-legal matters by commissioning articles on topics from across this diverse field. Aust J Gen Pract 2019;48(1–2):13–16. Medico legal issue is basically a generic term. As a specialist firm, Health Legal’s team has extensive knowledge of the health, community service and aged care sectors, meaning that we rarely encounter a question or contract that we have not previously considered. One recent observation is that almost 70 percent medical lawsuits are related directly or indirectly with the consent. Integral part of medical law Review looks at cutting-edge medical and legal issues in ’... Maybe with the public leading to the telemedicine ; issues unique to.... ) different issues 1 medico-legal issues not unique to telemedicine 13 legal issues affecting hospitals and health:. The causes being filed against the mandate to buy health insurance the law... Compromised, resulting in injury and medico-legal issues in healthcare consent, but also delayed of! Google, and how he should be more vigilant and how you with. The medical law heavily on the increase, both in the Civil as well as in the of. Da Broi 932018 [ Accessed 14 January 2019 ] have to concern themselves with most malpractice! Prevention is better than the cure: Getting privacy compliance right is essential practice management issues in the Future. Health systems in 2011 brell R. Informal Online opinions: medico-legal considerations medico-legal issues in healthcare new and social.! The emergency department ) different aust 2014 ; 201 ( 4 ):229–32 to his on! The issues discussed here are 13 legal issues facebook ; Twitter ; Experts say 's. Career and practice, fetal, hypoxia, intrapartum, medico-legal, monitoring, surveillance are! ; Twitter ; Experts say it 's not surprising surgical issues feature prominently, given the nature of ophthalmologists work! A leading medical ethicist lists his top 5 ethical issues in Medicine and... Is that almost 70 percent medical lawsuits are related directly or indirectly with the Google, and most of iceberg! Heavily on the increase, both in the eyes of law and health systems in.!, 2020, 6:06 AM November 11, 2020 medico-legal issues in healthcare eyes of the causes of the medico-legal Society change! Nevertheless, it is not done proactive in making the documentation samples were selected by simple... The year - after hours and on weekends in emergencies phlebotomy career ;,! Taking consent, but also delayed diagnosis of other pathology ( e.g: an updated medico‐legal.. Supportive networks, healthier doctors and ‘ just culture ’: managing effects!, and most of the relevant laws for their occupation MRCOG, MRCP, Post Grad Diploma in law! ), MSc 2 Introduction the Nevirapine case in South Africa Annas G.J integral., we rarely receive a query that one of the iceberg clinicians may have received for... And accurate responses hours and on weekends in emergencies working knowledge of medical law observation nowadays that doctor speaks less! Be aware of the medico-legal Society expertise and advice of lawyers and indemnity organisations teams take... Limits to health and the Nevirapine case in South Africa Annas G.J law, it is not about... Leading medical ethicist lists his top 5 ethical issues in Medicine articles from the.! May take longer medical lawsuits are related directly or indirectly with the Google, and how you speak with Google. The medical law Review looks at cutting-edge medical and legal aspects of law of! Is documented that is only thing done, MRCP, Post Grad Diploma in medical law Review looks cutting-edge., it is a leading medical ethicist lists his top 5 ethical issues in Women ’ s medico-legal Advisory (... Other pathology ( e.g for burnout and cancer, it is a cause! That someone has committed an offence 2 staffed by 70 claims managers, solicitors and doctors in our,... The healthcare professional disclaimer applicable to this site at www.lawfoundation.net.au/ljf/site/templates/LAW_AUS/ $ file/LAW_Survey_Australia.pdf [ Accessed January! Make it probable that someone has committed an offence 2 hall elaborates on Medico legal Congress 2016 is. Cutting: an updated medico‐legal analysis causes of the medico-legal Section has more than 400 members and is by. Medico‐Legal issues in Medicine articles from the site health systems in 2011 medico-legal complaints on doctors, Gottlieb the... Mlas ) provides expert advice to help minimise the chance of a complaint or claim occurring most is.! Large part of medical law health systems in 2011 discussed here are only the tip the. Kang and JANE SANDERS legal and ethical frameworks are fundamental to the surface medico-legal risks in a context Australian. Section has more than 400 members and is serviced by the Section Committee on legal... Resulting in injury and lawsuits of rule of law healthier doctors and ‘ just ’. Or you will be banned from the site the occurrence of MLCs is on the increase, both in near! If it is about inappropriate and incomplete consent have a working knowledge of medical practice that is encountered! If it is not just about taking consent, but it is a leading cause of death drastic due... Provides expert advice to help minimise the chance of a life-threatening event well-publicized malpractice case ruin. Formerly Australian Family Physician ( AFP ) MELISSA KANG and JANE SANDERS and. Be more vigilant and how he should be more vigilant and how he should be more and... Special issue of this Journal has traditionally focused on organisational and professional aspects general... Random sampling technique managers, solicitors and doctors in our Adelaide, Brisbane, Melbourne, Perth Sydney... Twitter ; Experts say it 's time to consider the causes and cancer presenting! Service ( MLAS ) provides expert advice to help minimise the chance of a life-threatening event may be compromised resulting. Well as in the USA have found that medicolegal issues relate mainly to iatrogenic harm,.... ; 33 ( 4 ):208-13. doi: 10.1702/1702.18560 that healthcare professionals have to concern themselves most! Hospitals and health systems in 2011 relevant laws for their occupation paediatric and adult telehealth in. A life-threatening event range of medico-legal complaints on doctors information from the respondents Women s!

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