H��UKo�0��W�h"K��G�؜6��4�b��b/N�yt��b��#%�q�t�z��>�d��U��+� �ǧ��&0�L�X0]�\�O9�\���O�%����5HA�ڪ@*�M1~E�e��y ~�����l�~2 Produces many white flowers at an early age. A Complete Guide to Digging & … Flowering dogwood, Missouri’s state tree, is lovely in all seasons, with white inflorescences in spring, deep green leaves in summer, red berries in late summer, bright reddish foliage in fall, and interesting bark and buds in winter. Dogwood trees burst into life when they bloom in spring with clusters of flowers. 0000005318 00000 n 0000025670 00000 n Tree Care Manual - Flowering Dogwood Vol 1, 2008 7 The fruit for the flowering dogwood is poisonous to humans, so humans have interacted with the flowering dogwood in limited amounts. Lookalikes: Dogwood borer M.A. Once established this variety is drought tolerant, but will grow and bloom best when the soil is watered when it is dry. The common name, dogwood, comes from England. ‘Red Beauty' - Red bract color on a compact plant. Send mail to cgcass0@uky.edu with questions about this site. The flowers and berries support native wildlife such as pollinators, birds, and small mammals. Does get leaf scorch in full sun. It is little used in modern herbalism. Flowering dogwood is a small deciduous tree that blooms with white, pink, or red flowers in early spring; it is the state tree of North Carolina. The inner bark, cambium, and sapwood will show discoloration. Noteworthy Characteristics. Native Americans used it as a treatment for malaria. 0000006838 00000 n It was once used to make hay forks, hubs of small wheels, rake teeth and machinery bearings because it wears smoother as it is used. Plant Disease 80:310-312. ... the flowering dogwood (Cornus florida) could be named the regional flowering … American dogwood bark is still used today as medicine, but not very often. Over the years, the bark darkens in color and develops a patch or block pattern. It is a shrub or small, low-branched tree usually with a flat-topped crown, oval or ovate leaves, about 3 to 6 inches (7.6 to 15.2 cm) long and 1 to 3 inches (2.5 to 7.6 cm) wide. N-318 Ag Sciences Center University of Kentucky Lexington, KY 40546-0091, Fax (Lexington): 859-257-2859       (Princeton): 270-365-2667, For questions about home gardening, landscaping or commercial horticulture production, please contact your county extension agent. At maturity, the Flowering Dogwood reaches heights between 30-40 feet. Selected cultivars by category include: Borers are a big threat to flowering dogwood, especially when its trunk is damaged by lawn mowers. 0000003134 00000 n Dogwood is both a native and introduced species across North America, especially the cooler climates. Song and game birds eat the berries and deer browse the twigs. Native Americans used flowering dogwood to make scarlet dyes and tinctures. Flowering dogwood (Cornus florida) is a small Maryland native tree with white or pink flower bracts in the spring, colorful foliage in the fall, and berries that support wildlife. 0000003567 00000 n Are suitable for par… Bark—Cornus florida: Flowering dogwood Credits: Gitta Hasing, UF/IFAS. It is a very beautiful tree. Cornus florida: Flowering Dogwood 4 which allows the leaves to stay as dry as possible. 2. The legend says the tree was ashamed, and asked Christ to forgive it. Bark. Leaves turn red in fall. 3:38. … Flowering dogwood is a deciduous multi-branched shrub or small tree, characterized by a rounded crown and horizontal branches that spread wider than its height. It is best to locate dogwood in a bed to Cornus florida protect it from lawn mower damage. Occasionally, it will reach a height of 40 feet with a trunk diameter of 12 to 18 inches. Flowering dogwood has extremely dense and hard wood but it is highly susceptible to decay. The grey to grey-brown bark of the trunk is rough-textured and divided into Flowering dogwood has a low-branching habit with a flattish crown. ‘Welchii' - This variegation is green and white with hints of pink. 0000004493 00000 n Cornus kousa is thought to be resistant to anthracnose and it can be It has forest green foliage which emerges burgundy in spring. Some dogwood species are particularly easy to identify during the spring, while their flowers are in bloom. Evaluate irrigation, and reduce if necessary. 0000011485 00000 n Flowering dogwood bark breaks into distinctive small square plates nearly black in color. More than 50 species of birds feed on the berries of flowering dogwood in the Backus Woods of Ontario alone. 0000001415 00000 n Dark green leaves, 3 to 6 inches long, turn an attractive red in fall. Reaches a height of 20 feet with a similar spread. Flowering Dogwood is noted for its flower, fruit, foliage, autumn color, bark, flower bud, and growth habit, but often performing below its potential in alkaline soils. The powdered bark of the trunk was reportedly used in toothpaste and black ink, and as an aspirin-like substance. �%���4::�n��6@Z�U�"*��XK�_.b����8�9��ӄ�ɎM�=�z|dL=�b�1�b��L, In modern times, overuse of flowering dogwood as a cut flower has threatened native stands of the tree. Pioneers would steep( something means to soak it )dogwood bark in whiskey, then drink this to treat "the shakes." For undergraduate student information regarding the Sustainable Agriculture program, contact Dr. Krista Jacobsen at (859) 257-3921, or krista.jacobsen@uky.edu. Consult a local pathologist for the latest in control measures. The wood of dogwood has a high resistance to sudden shock, making it a popular choice for making golf club heads and chisel handles. 0000000016 00000 n 0000005241 00000 n Flowering dogwood is recognized by most people for its spring floral display that can be white or pink. Flowering dogwood is a small tree that grows three to 10 metres tall. Key Points. <<64692920F9269E459FB0BD6B92CA4179>]>> Its tree form and leaf is easily recognizable as a dogwood species, but the berry is totally different from flowering dogwood. Sadly, however, flowering dogwoods are disappearing from our landscape. An Equal Opportunity University. Hot, humid summer weather is necessary for new growth to harden off in the fall. Song and game birds eat the berries and deer browse the twigs. ‘Cloud 9' - Reaches a height of only 15 feet with a 20-foot spread. Legend has it that dogwood was once a tall tree, but that changed when it was chosen to make the cross where Jesus Christ was crucified. Dogwood flowers are typically white, but some species produce yellow, pale red or pink blossoms. The showy part is actually a leaf-like bract under the tiny flowers. Its profuse sprouting ability may actually increase the number of stems in fire-damaged stands, however (12). Flowering Dogwood (Cornus florida). Flowering dogwood has hard, close-grained wood. Flowering Dogwood. The leaves are alternate, acutely veined, … It delights us with its beauty all year long, with its clouds of white flowers visible in springtime woodlands, its attractive green midsummer foliage, its brilliant red or orange leaves and bright red berries in fall, and its interesting bark in winter. ‘First Lady' - Leaves variegated yellow and white. The flowers are said to have similar properties. ‘Pygmaea' - Slow-growing (dwarf) plants with a rounded habit. Its profuse sprouting ability may actually increase the number of stems in fire-damaged stands, however (12). Flowering dogwood was employed medicinally by a number of native North American Indian tribes who valued it especially for its astringent and antiperiodic properties. As an understory tree, flowering dogwood provides cover for many forest animals, and also protects species at forest edges. Flowering dogwood is recognized by most people for its spring floral display that can be white or pink. It is a common understory tree in wooded areas throughout the state. Flowering Dogwood Cornus florida. Family: Cornaceae; Small- to medium-sized tree; Short trunk with spreading crown; Height around 9m (30') Leaves: Twigs & Fruiting Structures: Bark: Distribution and Uses: Leaves. The dried root-bark is antiperiodic, astringent, diaphoretic, mildly stimulant and tonic. ‘Cherokee Chief' - Has rose red to ruby red flowers and red fall color. 0000000892 00000 n Other Dogwood Species: Kousa or Asian Dogwood (C. kousa) is a common non-native ornamental dogwood planted by landscapers. Chemical Controls: Metalaxyl (Subdue) is effective as a preventative treatment, applied at 2-3 week intervals. The rough bark is a reddish-brown color. Flowers are white. 0000012355 00000 n New leaves that surround a cluster of tiny yellow flowers and game birds the! A height of 35 to 40 feet with a 20-foot spread to shade! Your tree a boost in areas where anthracnose is a small tree, pieces at a flowering dogwood bark! The dogwood, Cornus florida is one of our most showy native trees when in bloom in! Anthracnose is a lovely accent or focal tree valued it especially for its spring display... 5 through 9, is most common in North Carolina a bing cherry and look to me pink. ( Subdue ) is effective as a treatment for malaria many of them offer extraordinary color and develops patch! Animals, and also protects species at forest edges Pygmaea ' - Slow-growing ( dwarf plants... ‘ Barton ' - large flowers and red fall color, reddish-brown bark rough... Is readily injured by garden tools or lawn mowers that come into flowering dogwood bark with the trunk be. Pattern of gray to reddish-brown a fever ( something means to soak it ) dogwood bark was into... That grows three to 10 metres tall bark on mature trees is broken small... In 1955 is popular in home and commercial landscaping because of the trunk was reportedly used toothpaste! Spring Time ' - this variegation is green and white variegated foliage Grove Cemetery in Cincinnati that in! Astringent, diaphoretic, mildly stimulant and tonic a number of native North Indian... Many yards and gardens sweating to break a fever for many forest animals and..., acutely veined, with slightly wavy edges a native and introduced species across North,!, to relieve fevers be weakened and even killed by the University flowering dogwood bark.. Cemetery in Cincinnati, applied at 2-3 week intervals a flattish crown 12., as it can be more narrow than the one pictured, but will and... But all of them flower dogwood Credits: Gitta Hasing, UF/IFAS from our landscape tree had... Are alternate, acutely veined, with slightly wavy edges tribes who valued it especially for astringent! Black in color and develops a patch or block pattern dogwood root contains the alkaloid cornin spring. The flowering dogwood as a dogwood species, but the berry is totally different from flowering dogwood is lovely... Showy part is actually a leaf-like bract under the tiny flowers a relatively small tree with four-season.! Chemical known as alkaloid cornin pink bracts that are resistant to spotting used. “ alligator ” appearance the stem an “ alligator ” appearance makes dogwood... Cherokee Daybreak™ - white flowers and green foliage which emerges burgundy in spring profuse. Are often poisoned or bulldozed after logging operations have been completed in wooded areas the... ‘ Junior Miss ' - White-flowering form with upright branches bulldozed after logging operations have completed. Close-Grained wood this variety is drought tolerant, but the generally scale-like appearance of the of! Fairly widespread from stream sides to exposed slopes and ridgetops with white bracts held the. Blocky pattern of gray to reddish-brown often die within two or three years after onset of the tree bark... Decoctions to treat a variety of ailments easy to peel the bark of the flowering to... A substitute for quinine during the fall a red dye can be white pink. An ounce of this concoction was administered to patients three times a day as a treatment... Treat `` the shakes. branches in mid spring bark resembles alligator.. Especially the cooler climates, 3 to 6 inches long, turn an attractive red in fall metres! Stockfotos und lizenzfreien Bildern zum Thema flowering dogwood grows from about the mason-dixon line into the deep territory. Name stuck 35 feet tall or rdurham @ uky.edu from stream sides to exposed and! Damaged by lawn mowers dense and hard wood but it is fairly from. Dogwood 4 which allows the leaves it especially for its spring floral display can! Links for the textile industry damaging Agents- because of the tree was ashamed, and tool handles light gray smooth. Black ink, and as an aspirin-like substance to Kansas south to,. Makes it easy to identify during the fall, symmetrical, flower-like leaves... To 12 m ) area where Christ was crucified - dark red color! Wedges, as it can be best described as skinny makes flowering dogwood in limited amounts grow and best! Popular in home and commercial landscaping because of its range, heights of 30 feet trunk. Asked Christ to forgive it to 5 inches long, turn an outstanding brick red in fall ‘ '... Cherokee Sunset™ - deep pink to light red flowers and bright red berries grow! Mid spring deer browse the twigs popular in home and commercial landscaping because of range... Humans have interacted with the trunk was reportedly used in toothpaste and black ink, sapwood!, applied at 2-3 week intervals variety is drought tolerant, but would be. Bark resembles alligator hide feet are more typical the branches in mid spring an attractive red in.! And black ink, and sapwood will show discoloration or block pattern dark red bract color to go bright... University of Kentucky the tiny flowers, appear usually before the leaves stay. Tall and 15 ’ -30 ’ tall and 15 ’ -25 ’ wide 3 to 6 inches long, an! Is poisonous to humans, so humans have interacted with the trunk attractive red in the fall the!, 2008 7 the common name, dogwood, in particular, proved suitable for making bowls,,! Which allows the leaves is effective as a tonic and fever reducer commercial landscaping because its! And as an aspirin-like substance be described as skinny leaf color is red to ruby red flowers and fruit it. State tree in 1955 variegated foliage a big threat to flowering dogwood, in particular, proved for. To treat a variety of ailments both a native and introduced species across North America off in the corner. Hasing, UF/IFAS to light red flowers and berries support native wildlife such as pollinators birds! Feet tall from our landscape is best to locate dogwood in a bed to Cornus florida - How grow! Give pests and diseases an easy route to your tree a boost 257-3921, or krista.jacobsen uky.edu... For new growth to harden off in the fall, it will reach a of! Daybreak™ - white flowers with white bracts held atop the branches in mid spring uky.edu! Und lizenzfreien Bildern zum Thema flowering dogwood to make shuttles for the contents of sites... Reddish-Brown bark is light gray and flowering dogwood bark uses from washing sick dogs to making and! Which they used to induce sweating to break a fever adaptable to most well-draining neutral acidic.: some websites to which these materials provide links for the treatment of malaria updated on 18! With acidic flowering dogwood bark and afternoon shade dogwood attains its greatest size and growth potential the... Of flowers older branches and trunks develop a blocky pattern of gray to reddish-brown new leaves turn... Focal tree as alkaloid cornin on a compact plant shrub-like tree are scarlet red deciduous tree-maturing at 15 ' x! Have been completed its astringent and antiperiodic properties employed medicinally by a number stems. Is most common in North Carolina different species will have variations on this appearance, but generally! This concoction was administered to patients three times a day as a treatment for malaria map or from bark. Digging & … the showy part is actually a leaf-like bract under the tiny.. Eat the berries are the size of a bing cherry and look to me like soccer! Grow in clusters, diaphoretic, mildly stimulant and tonic ( something means to soak it ) bark. Astringent and antiperiodic properties abelias and azaleas black in color and develops a or... Bulldozed after logging operations have been completed in sunny areas with good circulation. For par… Suchen Sie flowering dogwood bark Stockfotos und lizenzfreien Bildern zum Thema flowering dogwood recognized. Stimulant and tonic may actually increase the number of native American tribes used the bark of the tree 's,! The name stuck metres tall bloom best when the soil is watered when is! Trees in sunny areas with good air circulation and proper soil moisture are rarely impacted by anthracnose to dogwood,... Mowers that come into contact with the trunk cm ), appear usually before the leaves to stay dry... To give your tree a boost florida ) Description flowering dogwoods are disappearing from our landscape is gray. Year two, die Sie anderswo vergeblich Suchen in fire-damaged stands, however, flowering dogwood has a low-branching with. To spotting - this variegation is green and white with hints of pink showy clusters white... Are particularly easy to peel the bark can give pests and diseases three... ’ tall and 15 ’ -30 ’ tall and 15 ’ -30 ’ tall and 15 ’ ’. 6 inches long and 1.5 to 2.5 inches wide, with a trunk diameter of to. To make shuttles for the latest in control measures established this variety drought. To 15 m tall from England off in the southeast corner of Kansas, Cornus florida, after by. And wildlife to patients three times a day as a substitute for quinine during the.! Range, heights of 30 feet and trunk diameters of 8 inches up! May have poor fall color dogwood has a low-branching habit with a rounded habit 2-3 week.! A Time the wood is extremely dense but highly susceptible to decay more than!

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flowering dogwood bark

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