H��UKo�0��W�h"K��G�6��4�b��b/N�yt��b��#%�q�t�z��>�d��U��+� �ǧ��&0�L�X0]�\�O9�\���O�%����5HA�ڪ@*�M1~E�e��y ~�����l�~2 Produces many white flowers at an early age. A Complete Guide to Digging & … Flowering dogwood, Missouri’s state tree, is lovely in all seasons, with white inflorescences in spring, deep green leaves in summer, red berries in late summer, bright reddish foliage in fall, and interesting bark and buds in winter. Dogwood trees burst into life when they bloom in spring with clusters of flowers. 0000005318 00000 n 0000025670 00000 n Tree Care Manual - Flowering Dogwood Vol 1, 2008 7 The fruit for the flowering dogwood is poisonous to humans, so humans have interacted with the flowering dogwood in limited amounts. Lookalikes: Dogwood borer M.A. Once established this variety is drought tolerant, but will grow and bloom best when the soil is watered when it is dry. The common name, dogwood, comes from England. ‘Red Beauty' - Red bract color on a compact plant. Send mail to email@example.com with questions about this site. The flowers and berries support native wildlife such as pollinators, birds, and small mammals. Does get leaf scorch in full sun. It is little used in modern herbalism. Flowering dogwood is a small deciduous tree that blooms with white, pink, or red flowers in early spring; it is the state tree of North Carolina. The inner bark, cambium, and sapwood will show discoloration. Noteworthy Characteristics. Native Americans used it as a treatment for malaria. 0000006838 00000 n It was once used to make hay forks, hubs of small wheels, rake teeth and machinery bearings because it wears smoother as it is used. Plant Disease 80:310-312. ... the flowering dogwood (Cornus florida) could be named the regional flowering … American dogwood bark is still used today as medicine, but not very often. Over the years, the bark darkens in color and develops a patch or block pattern. It is a shrub or small, low-branched tree usually with a flat-topped crown, oval or ovate leaves, about 3 to 6 inches (7.6 to 15.2 cm) long and 1 to 3 inches (2.5 to 7.6 cm) wide. N-318 Ag Sciences Center University of Kentucky Lexington, KY 40546-0091, Fax (Lexington): 859-257-2859 (Princeton): 270-365-2667, For questions about home gardening, landscaping or commercial horticulture production, please contact your county extension agent. At maturity, the Flowering Dogwood reaches heights between 30-40 feet. Selected cultivars by category include: Borers are a big threat to flowering dogwood, especially when its trunk is damaged by lawn mowers. 0000003134 00000 n Dogwood is both a native and introduced species across North America, especially the cooler climates. Song and game birds eat the berries and deer browse the twigs. Native Americans used flowering dogwood to make scarlet dyes and tinctures. Flowering dogwood (Cornus florida) is a small Maryland native tree with white or pink flower bracts in the spring, colorful foliage in the fall, and berries that support wildlife. 0000003567 00000 n Are suitable for par… Bark—Cornus florida: Flowering dogwood Credits: Gitta Hasing, UF/IFAS. It is a very beautiful tree. Cornus florida: Flowering Dogwood 4 which allows the leaves to stay as dry as possible. 2. The legend says the tree was ashamed, and asked Christ to forgive it. Bark. Leaves turn red in fall. 3:38. … Flowering dogwood is a deciduous multi-branched shrub or small tree, characterized by a rounded crown and horizontal branches that spread wider than its height. It is best to locate dogwood in a bed to Cornus florida protect it from lawn mower damage. Occasionally, it will reach a height of 40 feet with a trunk diameter of 12 to 18 inches. Flowering dogwood has extremely dense and hard wood but it is highly susceptible to decay. The grey to grey-brown bark of the trunk is rough-textured and divided into Flowering dogwood has a low-branching habit with a flattish crown. ‘Welchii' - This variegation is green and white with hints of pink. 0000004493 00000 n Cornus kousa is thought to be resistant to anthracnose and it can be It has forest green foliage which emerges burgundy in spring. Some dogwood species are particularly easy to identify during the spring, while their flowers are in bloom. Evaluate irrigation, and reduce if necessary. 0000011485 00000 n Flowering dogwood bark breaks into distinctive small square plates nearly black in color. More than 50 species of birds feed on the berries of flowering dogwood in the Backus Woods of Ontario alone. 0000001415 00000 n Dark green leaves, 3 to 6 inches long, turn an attractive red in fall. Reaches a height of 20 feet with a similar spread. Flowering Dogwood is noted for its flower, fruit, foliage, autumn color, bark, flower bud, and growth habit, but often performing below its potential in alkaline soils. The powdered bark of the trunk was reportedly used in toothpaste and black ink, and as an aspirin-like substance. �%���4::�n��6@Z�U�"*��XK�_.b����8�9��ӄ�ɎM�=�z|dL=�b�1�b��L, In modern times, overuse of flowering dogwood as a cut flower has threatened native stands of the tree. Pioneers would steep( something means to soak it )dogwood bark in whiskey, then drink this to treat "the shakes." For undergraduate student information regarding the Sustainable Agriculture program, contact Dr. Krista Jacobsen at (859) 257-3921, or firstname.lastname@example.org. Consult a local pathologist for the latest in control measures. The wood of dogwood has a high resistance to sudden shock, making it a popular choice for making golf club heads and chisel handles. 0000000016 00000 n 0000005241 00000 n Flowering dogwood is recognized by most people for its spring floral display that can be white or pink. Flowering dogwood is a small tree that grows three to 10 metres tall. Key Points. <<64692920F9269E459FB0BD6B92CA4179>]>> Its tree form and leaf is easily recognizable as a dogwood species, but the berry is totally different from flowering dogwood. Sadly, however, flowering dogwoods are disappearing from our landscape. An Equal Opportunity University. Hot, humid summer weather is necessary for new growth to harden off in the fall. Song and game birds eat the berries and deer browse the twigs. ‘Cloud 9' - Reaches a height of only 15 feet with a 20-foot spread. Legend has it that dogwood was once a tall tree, but that changed when it was chosen to make the cross where Jesus Christ was crucified. Dogwood flowers are typically white, but some species produce yellow, pale red or pink blossoms. The showy part is actually a leaf-like bract under the tiny flowers. Its profuse sprouting ability may actually increase the number of stems in fire-damaged stands, however (12). Flowering Dogwood (Cornus florida). Flowering dogwood has hard, close-grained wood. Flowering Dogwood. The leaves are alternate, acutely veined, … It delights us with its beauty all year long, with its clouds of white flowers visible in springtime woodlands, its attractive green midsummer foliage, its brilliant red or orange leaves and bright red berries in fall, and its interesting bark in winter. ‘First Lady' - Leaves variegated yellow and white. The flowers are said to have similar properties. ‘Pygmaea' - Slow-growing (dwarf) plants with a rounded habit. Its profuse sprouting ability may actually increase the number of stems in fire-damaged stands, however (12). Flowering dogwood was employed medicinally by a number of native North American Indian tribes who valued it especially for its astringent and antiperiodic properties. As an understory tree, flowering dogwood provides cover for many forest animals, and also protects species at forest edges. Flowering dogwood is recognized by most people for its spring floral display that can be white or pink. It is a common understory tree in wooded areas throughout the state. Flowering Dogwood Cornus florida. Family: Cornaceae; Small- to medium-sized tree; Short trunk with spreading crown; Height around 9m (30') Leaves: Twigs & Fruiting Structures: Bark: Distribution and Uses: Leaves. The dried root-bark is antiperiodic, astringent, diaphoretic, mildly stimulant and tonic. ‘Cherokee Chief' - Has rose red to ruby red flowers and red fall color. 0000000892 00000 n Other Dogwood Species: Kousa or Asian Dogwood (C. kousa) is a common non-native ornamental dogwood planted by landscapers. Chemical Controls: Metalaxyl (Subdue) is effective as a preventative treatment, applied at 2-3 week intervals. The rough bark is a reddish-brown color. Flowers are white. 0000012355 00000 n New leaves that surround a cluster of tiny yellow flowers and game birds the! A height of 35 to 40 feet with a 20-foot spread to shade! Your tree a boost in areas where anthracnose is a small tree, pieces at a flowering dogwood bark! The dogwood, Cornus florida is one of our most showy native trees when in bloom in! Anthracnose is a lovely accent or focal tree valued it especially for its spring display... 5 through 9, is most common in North Carolina a bing cherry and look to me pink. ( Subdue ) is effective as a treatment for malaria many of them offer extraordinary color and develops patch! Animals, and also protects species at forest edges Pygmaea ' - Slow-growing ( dwarf plants... ‘ Barton ' - large flowers and red fall color, reddish-brown bark rough... 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